African Walnut Wood

Common Name(s):African Walnut

Scientific Name:Lovoa trichilioides

Distribution:West tropical Africa

Tree Size:100-150 ft (30-46 m) tall, 2-4 ft (.6-1.2 m) trunk diameter

Average Dried Weight:34 lbs/ft3 (540 kg/m3)

Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.45, .54

Janka Hardness:940 lbf (4,180 N)

Modulus of Rupture:12,250 lbf/in2 (84.5 MPa)

Elastic Modulus:1,340,000 lbf/in2 (9.24 GPa)

Crushing Strength:6,700 lbf/in2 (46.2 MPa)

Shrinkage:Radial: 3.7%, Tangential: 5.9%,

Volumetric: 10.8%, T/R Ratio: 1.6

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Color/Appearance:Heartwood is a golden yellow to reddish brown, sometimes with darker streaks and veins. Color tends to darken upon exposure and with age. Sapwood is a medium yellow to light gray,and is generally narrow: it can be up to 3 inches (7.5 cm) wide, and is clearly demarcated from heartwood; a narrow transition zone is sometimes present between heartwood and sapwood. African Walnut also displays a ribbon-stripe figuring on quartersawn surfaces, similar to Sapele.

Workability:Generally easy to work with both hand and machine tools, though care must be taken to avoid tearout when surfacing interlocked grain. Turns, glues, and finishes well.

Grain/Texture: Grain is usually slightly interlocked, but is sometimes straight. Medium, uniform texture, with a high level of natural luster.

Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; large pores in no specific arrangement; solitary and radial multiples of 2-3; occasional deposits present in heartwood; growth rings indistinct; rays not visible without lens; parenchyma vasicentric, aliform (winged), and confluent.

Rot Resistance: Decay resistance is rated as moderately durable, with the heartwood being resistant to powder post beetles, but susceptible to termites.

Common Uses: Veneer, plywood, flooring, furniture, cabinetry, and turned objects.

Comments: Although Lovoa trichilioides is commonly called “African Walnut,” it is not related to true walnuts in the Juglans genus, but is actually more closely related to Mahogany, being in the Meliaceae family, which contains both the Swietenia and Khaya genera, as well woods such as Spanish Cedar and Sapele.

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